Tuesday, October 14, 2014

The Whole Wheat Story

We have a beautiful, warm and long Columbus day weekend, with the temperatures hitting the 70s again today. Weather that is inviting to take strolls to watch the leaves turn color or go for a hike. At this time of the year, everyone is grateful for the extra present of warm, sunny days when you can walk around in sweaters without a jacket. – My weekend was (and still is) full of work and without opportunities to do any shopping or hikes. Sigh. Instead, my mind feels like it went on an extra long hike, tired in a good way, having exercised every neuron and having given the whole brain a solid workout, like your body is good tired after a 5h hike. 

This morning I came across an article about whole wheat flours. Knowing that whole wheat is good for you, I still gave up using if for baking because it often ruined baked items by not rising sufficiently or changing the taste and texture in unexpected ways. Nevertheless, a good opportunity to learn more about them and used in a more informed way. Knowledge is power.

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So, here are the cliff notes on whole wheat flours:

  • whole wheat flour is made from red wheat berries, and therefore the color is darker, more reddish. It is basically the entire berry including the bran grounded. It has more protein and needs extra liquid than all purpose flour for successful baking (or use it in combination with all purpose flour).
  • White whole wheat flour is made from the hard white wheat berry. It is also all ground down, but the flour has a white color (please, don’t confuse it with bleached whole wheat flour, which is not a good idea).
  • White whole wheat flour is less nutty, but sweeter in flavor then whole wheat flour.
  • Although all-purpose flour can usually be substituted 1:1 with white whole wheat flour, some recipes might come out too dense. In these cases, use 75% white whole-wheat flour and 25% all-purpose. (This oatmeal recipe might be a good recipe to try)
  • Whole wheat pastry flour is made from the soft white wheat berry, has less protein and is finer ground. It is the closest to traditional all-purpose flour, so in many cases, whole-wheat pastry flour is the best 1:1 substitute for all-purpose flour in baking recipes. however, it is still denser than all purpose flour so experiment first.
  • Note about all whole wheat flour: they have more oils from the bran and so get rancid more easily. I personally put all my GF flours, nut meals and whole wheat flours in the freezer.

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I might get me some whole wheat pastry flour and try these delicious fig oatmeal cookies.

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